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Milestones of Innovation

The AIMBE Milestones of Innovation showcases the seminal advancements in both Medical and Biological Engineering over more than the past 100 years. These technologies represent the great achievements of the bio/medical engineering community. The great achievements of the AIMBE College of Fellows are also represented in the more recent technologies but the spirit of innovation and the goal of greater human health and happiness is found in them all.

The time references reflect the decade in which each innovation came into common use. For some, initial development actually had come years earlier – but this chronology denotes their wide acceptance by medical professionals.

Scroll through the AIMBE Milestones of Innovation or select a Milestone to learn more.

Artificial Kidney

1950s and Earlier

X-Ray

1950s and Earlier

Electrocardiogram

1950s and Earlier

Cardiac Pacemaker

1950s and Earlier

Cardiopulmonary Bypass

1950s and Earlier

Antibiotics

1950s and Earlier

Defibrillator

1950s and Earlier

Heart Valve Replacement

1960s

Intraocular Lens/Contact Lens

1960s

Ultrasound

1960s

Vascular Grafts

1960s

Blood Analysis & Processing

1960s

Computer Assisted Tomography (CT)

1970s

Artificial Hip & Knee Replacement

1970s

Balloon Catheter

1970s

Endoscopy

1970s

Biological Plant & Food Engineering

1970s

Cochlear Implants and Stimulators

1970s

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

1980s

Laser Surgery

1980s

Vascular Stents

1980s

Recombinant Therapeutics

1980s

Flow Cytometer and Cell Sorter

1980s

Pulse Oximeter

1980s

Digital Hearing Aid

1980s

Genomics

1990s Until Today

PET Scan

1990s Until Today

Image-guided Surgery

1990s Until Today

OCT

1990s Until Today